Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about chiropractic

What is a vertebral subluxation?

Vertebral subluxation is an alteration of the joint movement (or misalignment) of a segment of the spine that is caused by physical, chemical or emotional stress. This so-called subluxation causes interference on the nervous system, which can compromise the function of organs and tissues. Although it is generally painless, patients will sometimes call this area “sensitive” or “stiff”. It is therefore necessary to correct a subluxation to restore movement to the spine and to protect the nervous system from the irritation it may cause.

What is a chiropractic adjustment?

A chiropractic adjustment is the therapeutic act of choice of the chiropractor. Following a palpation of your spine, the chiropractor is able to determine where the vertebral subluxation is located and what are the consequences of it (inflammation, muscle tension, fatigue, etc.). Thereafter, the chiropractor will induce a pulse of high speed and low amplitude in a specific vector using their hands, at the level of the subluxated joint to stimulate mechanoreceptors of the region and send a message to your brain to correct the subluxation. Chiropractic adjustment is aimed at restoring normal joint motion, reducing pain and removing interference to the nervous system.

What is the cracking that one hears when adjusting chiropractic?

The cracking that can be heard during an adjustment is created by the release of a gas from the joint capsule following articular distention created by manipulation. In chiropractic jargon, this phenomenon is called cavitation. It is important to note that for a chiropractic adjustment to be successful, cavitation is not necessary. In other words, the chiropractor does not try to make you crack during the adjustment; it seeks to stimulate mechanoreceptors to send a message to your brain to remove stress and interference on the nervous system.

Is it dangerous?

Does it hurt? Chiropractic treatments are pain-free and safe when performed following a history, a complete physical and neurological examination performed by a doctor in chiropractic. Obviously, in some people, there are certain contraindications to chiropractic adjustment or treatment. Your chiropractor is trained to detect these red flags and will be able to adapt your treatment or refer you to another health professional, if needed.

What is muscle testing and how can this tool be useful for your chiropractor?

The muscle test is actually used as a gateway to your nervous system. In fact, when your chiropractor tests your muscle, he also tests the integrity of the nerve structures and the quality of the messages sent to your brain and from your brain. From this test, it is possible to stimulate the body in different ways to find out where the nervous system has been unbalanced. The muscle test is therefore very useful for your chiropractor since it allows him to identify the place where the nervous message is wrong, the nature of the stress biasing this message and possible treatment options for you. Finally, the muscle test allows you to have a CUSTOMIZED treatment adapted to YOUR needs.

How important is the spine in maintaining good health?

Here are three good reasons why having good vertebral health is paramount:

  1. The spine protects your central nervous system. It protects your spinal cord and your spinal nerves. A subluxation could therefore affect the nerve messages between your peripheral system (arms / legs) and your central system (brain). It must be ensured that the spine plays its protective role.
  2. The spine is the mainstay of your musculoskeletal system. It is a little what the trunk is for the roots and branches of a tree. It is involved in every movement in your body.
  3. The spine supports the head and transmits the weight of the body to the joints of the hips. A bad development of the curves, a bad vertebral alignment or curves too much or not enough developed has a direct impact on this transmission of weight and it could even lead, in children, a motor and intellectual delay!

Why see a chiropractor if I do not have pain?

Did you know that pain is the last symptom that appears? The pain sensation is very subjective and it is not a good measure to determine the health of your spine. In addition, the human body has an incredible capacity of adaptation: the boss who asks us a lot, the lack of training, the winter which is very long, the repetitive movements, the food which leaves to be desired, the loss a loved one … Tensions can accumulate without any symptoms. (Subluxation is asymptomatic, remember?) However, when the last drop makes the glass overflow and the body can no longer adjust to this stress of everyday life, the pain begins. A chiropractor will be able to identify areas at risk and help you correct the problem before the symptoms occur.

Why should a healthy child consult a chiropractor?

The postnatal period and childhood are periods that greatly affect the development of the spine and the nervous system. The first subluxations may even occur during pregnancy or delivery. As a result, the sooner a child consults in chiropractic, the easier it is to correct subluxations and prevent developmental delays or possible scoliosis.

If I start chiropractic care, will I have to follow it all my life?

The majority of chiropractors will provide relapse prevention and wellness care. This preventative care for your spine is comparable to the way people consult for regular dental checkup and cleaning. Dentistry is consulted on a regular basis to ensure that our dental hygiene is good and to correct problems before having symptoms. So why not do the same? You only have one spine after all! In chiropractic, we want to make sure that spinal hygiene is optimal so that your body can adapt to the stresses you experience every day. Therefore, we want to correct the subluxations and give you the appropriate tools to overcome these stresses and prevent the appearance of symptoms. Obviously, to maintain optimal health and live an extraordinary life, your doctors will recommend a preventive visit every 3 months. However, the frequency of visits is a personal choice and can be changed if you experience more stress in your daily life.

What is the training of a chiropractor?

To practice chiropractic in Canada, all chiropractors and chiropractors must have successfully completed their undergraduate doctoral studies at an educational institution accredited by the Canadian Chiropractic Federation of Professional Regulatory Licensing and Licensure Programs. (CFCREAB), such as the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR). Following the completion of a doctoral degree in chiropractic, it is also necessary to complete the national examinations of the Canadian Council of Chiropractic Examinations, as well as a review of the legislation and ethics of the New Brunswick Chiropractic Association. The requirements of doctor training in chiropractic are standardized internationally. At UQTR, the program lasts 5 years and includes 245 credits, 4969 course hours and 1200 clinical hours. The courses are divided into various subjects including: – Basic sciences (anatomy, neuroanatomy, physiology, biochemistry, embryology, microbiology, immunology, pathology, neurophysiology, pharmacology, epidemiology, research methods); – Clinical sciences (differential diagnosis, diagnosis, radiology, nutrition, orthopedics, neurology, biomechanics, pathomechanics, exercise physiology, rehabilitation; – Chiropractic sciences (chiropractic techniques, professional practice, ethics and professional law, chiropractic concepts, chiropractic intervention, child care, pregnant and senior women, internships and internships); – Complementary disciplines (ergonomics, prescription of exercises, psychology, administration of a clinic, etc.). Observation and intervention courses begin in the first year. This is followed by an 18-month clinical internship under the direct supervision of experienced chiropractors.

What is the difference between a physiotherapist, a chiropractor and an osteopath and how can they help me?


Is defined as a discipline of health that focuses on the inherent ability of the human body to maintain health and heal without drugs or surgery (homeostasis). It emphasizes the relationship between the structure (mainly the spine) and the function as coordinated by the nervous system. The chiropractic approach is both preventive and curative, meaning that it aims not only to bring you relief, but also to prevent you from developing symptoms or pain related to a malfunction in your spine or other joints To achieve this, the chiropractor will mainly use chiropractic adjustments, a specialized form of joint manipulation. The chiropractor is a partner in the recovery and maintenance of your health. He is trained to give you the best advice to optimize your health and prevent the emergence of health problems.


Is defined as a health discipline involved in the prevention and promotion of health, evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of deficiencies and disabilities affecting the neurological, musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory systems of the person. In other words, physiotherapy addresses functional limitations resulting from injuries and diseases affecting muscles, joints and bones, as well as the neurological (brain, nerves, spinal cord), respiratory (lungs) and circulatory (vessels) systems. blood) and heart (heart).


The word osteopathy comes from Greek, osteon, “bone” and, páthos, “disease”. It is a medicine based on manual techniques aimed at preserving or restoring the mobility of the various structures of the body. Osteopathy is based on a medical philosophy that comes from Hippocrates, the father of medicine. This philosophy is based on five main principles: – The structure governs the function. – Each person has a self-healing power. – The body functions as a single unit. – The vascularization is the essential element of the health. – It is necessary to treat the patient, not the disease.